The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon are remaining overseas territory of France located in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada). The capital is Saint Pierre city, where an estimated 5,000 people lived as of 2014.
First settled by the French during the early 17th century (1763), the islands are now a self-governing territory of France, that still fall under the French constitution. Both islands are part a unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial, which contains 19 seats (15 seats from Saint Pierre and 4 seats from Miquelon). All members are elected by absolute majority vote and serve six-year terms. The prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, currently Jean-Régis Borius, is the local representative of the President of France, becoming the Governor or Executive officer. A cabinet reports to the prefect, discussing various departments (civil defense, public security, women’s rights, etc). Additionally, a single elected member is part of the French national Assembly. i
A large number of the inhabitants of the islands have earned their livelihood through fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. However, due to a conflict with Canada concerning fishing quotas and a decrease in ships visiting the islands, the economy has declined. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture have been developed to diversify the economy, with an expansion of tourism and test drilling for oil also as a possibility for future income. i
Education on the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon follow the French model, with education being compulsory between the ages of six and sixteen. The Éducation Nationale service is responsible for pre-elementary, elementary and high school public and private instruction. The Rectorat de l'Académie de Caen manages all registration and academic inspections, in collaboration with Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
The education sector is one of the islands largest employers, with an estimated 200 salaried workers in the public and private sector combined. The private system is “essentially denominational; it is under contract with France and funded by the Conseil Territorial…[it is] under the responsibility of the bishop of Saint Pierre.” ii
The school system begins at the pre-elementary school level with children aged three to five years. There are four nursery and elementary schools on the combined islands. There is no data on the number of students enrolled in pre-elementary schooling. ii
Children enroll in primary schooling, known as “elementary” schooling, at the age of six, completing years 1 to 6. There is no data on the number of students enrolled in elementary schooling. ii
+Secondary Education,Vocational Education and Training
Students attend “collège” or junior high school for a period of three years. There are two colleges on the islands, a public college with an estimated 140 students and a private college with approximately 200 students. This is followed by the senior high school, or lycée, with is split into general and professional. A student will stay at least three years at a lycée to obtain a general, technological or professional baccalaureate at the age of 18. A professional baccalaureate can offers courses in the areas of mechanics and electronics, hotel and restaurant industries, maintenance, and sanitation.ii
While there are no tertiary education opportunities on the islands, many students access the bursaries to continue their education abroad in France or Canada. Many students (about 200) over the last few years have decided to study abroad, with approximately 50% returning to Saint Pierre and Miquelon after their studies. ii
The Comité de coordination de l'emploi et de la formation professionnelle, the Association pour la Formation continue and the Chambre d'Agriculture, de Commerce, d'Industrie et de Métiers de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon all offer professional training in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. ii
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Saint Pierre and Miquelon does not host refugees. Additionally, no non-profit or law firm could be found that offers any potential refugees legal assistance in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. iii